Google Files Lawsuit Against Alleged Scam Artist for Fake Businesses and Reviews Manipulation

Google has launched legal action against an alleged scammer, Ethan Hu, who is accused of running a complex scheme involving the creation of fake businesses and reviews on Google’s search product. As per the lawsuit filed on Friday, the defendant, along with 20 unnamed co-defendants, is charged with exploiting Google’s products to construct fraudulent online business listings and boost them with spurious reviews. Google has claimed that over the past two years, the defendants established more than 350 fake business profiles, which received at least 14,000 fabricated reviews. The falsified profiles and reviews were allegedly sold to other businesses seeking to advertise their services in Google’s search results. In addition to fooling Google’s customers, the scheme also deceived legitimate business owners by making unwarranted promises about securing prominent positions in Google’s search results and acquiring “preferential treatment or access” for business listing verification.

The Elaborate Scam

The defendants allegedly posed as phony business owners during verification calls with Google employees. They are accused of using an elaborate array of props to portray their counterfeit listings as real small businesses falsely. For instance, Hu is suspected of using a tool bench to verify a bogus garage door repair business and essential oils and a massage chair to authenticate a sham aromatherapy and reiki business. Google shared a particular example in its lawsuit where Hu asked for $1,000 in exchange for access to a fictitious plumbing listing in Monterey, California. This listing had supposedly received roughly 40 calls and 5 form submissions the previous month. Those calls were redirected through the phony listing to a genuine plumbing business with a less prominent online presence.

The Business of Selling Fake Listings

Hu and his accomplices allegedly advertised these fraudulent listings on Facebook pages for rent or sale. Prospective buyers were offered access to these fake listings, which would then redirect to their businesses, thus providing them with a larger customer base. This fraudulent practice was carried out not only at the expense of consumers who were misled but also to the detriment of legitimate business owners seeking fair competition.

The Lawsuit and Google’s Measures

The lawsuit filed by Google seeks unspecified damages and a permanent ban on Hu and his co-defendants from advertising or selling deceptive verification services. This legal action forms part of Google’s ongoing effort to tackle fraudulent content and maintain the quality of its services. Google is known to have previously taken similar steps to curb fraudulent practices, demonstrating its commitment to combating this kind of fraud beyond just removing spam and fake profiles.

Impact and Competition

Google’s crackdown on these fraudulent practices comes at a time when the tech giant is trying to stave off competition from new AI-assisted services like Bing and ChatGPT, as well as combat a potential influx of low-quality AI-generated search results. With consumer trust being paramount, Google aims to ensure the reliability of its search results, which is threatened by fake reviews and businesses. Trustworthiness is a central point of discussion and scrutiny surrounding AI, which adds to the significance of ensuring reliable listings. As the Federal Trade Commission claims, consumers lose an average of $125 annually due to incorrect reviews. Thus, Google’s endeavors to crack down on fake reviews and listings carry substantial real-world implications. Google stated that it had stopped 20 million attempts to create fake business profiles in 2022 and protected more than 185,000 businesses from potential abuse after detecting suspicious activity. As the battle against online fraud continues, it remains to be seen how effectively Google can curb these misleading practices in the future.

Looking Towards the Future

As AI technology continues to advance and permeate various facets of our lives, the threat of AI-assisted or AI-generated fraud looms large. Consequently, companies like Google are increasingly leveraging AI to detect and combat such fraudulent practices, indicating the technology’s dual role in both fueling and resolving this issue. Ensuring the authenticity of reviews and business listings is pivotal for Google’s credibility. Companies like Google, Amazon, and Yelp that rely heavily on user-generated content have been grappling with the issue of fake reviews and listings for years. The battle is ongoing, and companies constantly portray themselves as engaged in an incessant war with scammers.


With the filing of this lawsuit, Google reiterates its commitment to the fight against online fraud, displaying its readiness to go beyond technological solutions and use legal measures to uphold the integrity of its services. As the digital world grows more complex, Google’s actions serve as a reminder of the critical importance of trust in the digital age. The tech giant’s endeavors echo the broader necessity for tech companies to invest in safeguarding user trust and maintaining the veracity of their platforms in the face of emerging challenges.


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